Sao Tome People, Population, Religion and Nationality


All Countries

World Newspapers

US Newspapers

Sao Tome People

Browse the information below for demographic information on Sao Tome, including population, religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Sao Tome information you need on the people page, check out our complete listing on the Sao Tome Country Page.

  • Sao Tome Geography
  • Sao Tome Government
  • Sao Tome Economy
  • Sao Tome History

    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Sao Tomean(s).
    Population (census 2001): 137,599.
    Annual growth rate (2001): 1.6%.
    Ethnic groups: Mixed African, Portuguese-African.
    Religions: Christian (Roman Catholic, Evangelical Protestant, Seventh-day Adventist) 80%.
    Language: Portuguese (official).
    Education: Literacy(census 2001)--68.1%. Years compulsory--to secondary level.
    Health: Life expectancy--64 yrs. Infant mortality rate (census 2001)--54/1,000.
    Work force (by household, 2000 UNDP est.): Agriculture--15.3%; industry, commerce, services--36.5%; government--11.5%.

    People of Sao Tome
    Of Sao Tome and Principe's total population, about 137,500 live on Sao Tome and 6,000 on Principe. All are descended from various ethnic groups that have migrated to the islands since 1485. Six groups are identifiable:

    Mestico, or mixed-blood, descendants of African slaves brought to the islands during the early years of settlement from Benin, Gabon, and Congo (these people also are known as filhos da terra or "sons of the land";
    Angolares, reputedly descendants of Angolan slaves who survived a 1540 shipwreck and now earn their livelihood fishing;
    Forros, descendants of freed slaves when slavery was abolished;
    Servicais, contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde, living temporarily on the islands;
    Tongas, children of servicais born on the islands; and
    Europeans, primarily Portuguese.
    In the 1970s, there were two significant population movements--the exodus of most of the 4,000 Portuguese residents and the influx of several hundred Sao Tomean refugees from Angola. The islanders have been absorbed largely into a common Luso-African culture. Almost all belong to the Roman Catholic, Evangelical Protestant, or Seventh-day Adventist Churches, which in turn retain close ties with churches in Portugal.


  • Sao Tome Geography
  • Sao Tome Government
  • Sao Tome Economy
  • Sao Tome History