Qatar People, Population, Religion and Nationality


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Qatar People

Browse the information below for demographic information on Qatar, including population, religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Qatar information you need on the people page, check out our complete listing on the Qatar Country Page.

  • Qatar Geography
  • Qatar Government
  • Qatar Economy
  • Qatar History

    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Qatari(s).
    Population: approx. 600,000 (2002 est.)
    Population growth rate (2003 est): 2.87%.
    Ethnic groups: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%.
    Religion: Islam (state religion, claimed by virtually all of the indigenous population).
    Languages: Arabic (official); English (widely spoken).
    Education: Compulsory--ages 6-16. Attendance--98%. Literacy--79.4% total population, 79.2% male, 79.9% female.
    Health (2002 est.): Infant mortality rate--20.03 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth--74.9 years.
    Work force (1997): 280,122. Industry, services, and commerce--70%; government--20%; agriculture--10%.

    People of Qatar
    Natives of the Arabian Peninsula, most Qataris are descended from a number of migratory tribes that came to Qatar in the 18th century to escape the harsh conditions of the neighboring areas of Nejd and Al-Hasa. Some are descended from Omani tribes. Qatar has more than 750,000 people, the majority of whom live in Doha, the capital. Foreign workers with temporary residence status make up about four-fifths of the population. Most of them are South Asians, Egyptians, Palestinians, Jordanians, and Iranians. About 6,000 U.S. citizens resided there as of 2001.

    For centuries, the main sources of wealth were pearling, fishing, and trade. At one time, Qataris owned nearly one-third of the Persian Gulf fishing fleet. With the Great Depression and the introduction of Japan's cultured-pearl industry, pearling in Qatar declined drastically.

    The Qataris are mainly Sunni "Wahhabi" Muslims. Islam is the official religion, and Islamic jurisprudence is the basis of Qatar's legal system. Arabic is the official language, and English is the lingua franca. Education is compulsory and free for all Arab residents 6-16 years old. Qatar has an increasingly high literacy rate.


  • Qatar Geography
  • Qatar Government
  • Qatar Economy
  • Qatar History