Browse the information below for demographic information on Poland, including population,
religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Poland information you need on the
people page, check out our complete listing on the Poland Country Page.
Nationality: Noun--Pole(s). Adjective--Polish.
Population: 39 million.
Annual growth rate: Increasing slightly.
Ethnic groups: Polish 98%, German, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Lithuanian.
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Eastern Orthodox, Uniate, Protestant, Judaism.
Health (2000): Infant mortality rate-- 8.1/1,000. Life expectancy--males 70 yrs., females 78 yrs.
Work force: 17.0 million. Industry and construction--25.3%; agriculture--28.7%; trade and business--28.0%; government and other--18.0%.
People of Poland
Poland today is ethnically almost homogeneous (98% Polish), in contrast with the World War II period, when there were significant ethnic minorities--4.5 million Ukrainians, 3 million Jews, 1 million Belorussians, and 800,000 Germans. The majority of the Jews were murdered during the German occupation in World War II, and many others emigrated in the succeeding years.
Most Germans left Poland at the end of the war, while many Ukrainians and Belorussians lived in territories incorporated into the then-U.S.S.R. Small Ukrainian, Belorussian, Slovakian, and Lithuanian minorities reside along the borders, and a German minority is concentrated near the southwest city of Opole.