Browse the information below for demographic information on Palau, including population,
religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Palau information you need on the
people page, check out our complete listing on the Palau Country Page.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Palauan.
Population: 19,976. Age structure--35.4% under 18, 6.6% over 65.
Growth rate: 2.3%.
Ethnic groups: Palauans are Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian elements.
Religion: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Modekngei (an indigenous Palauan religion).
Languages: English (official in all 16 states), Palauan.
Health: Life expectancy--male 64.5 yrs.; female 70.8 yrs. Infant mortality rate--20/1,000.
Work force: Government--26%; tourism--10%; other services--28%; construction--11%, agriculture--3%.
People of Palau
The Republic of Palau consists of eight principal islands and more than 250 smaller ones lying roughly 500 miles southeast of the Philippines. The islands of Palau constitute part of the Caroline Islands chain. About 70% of the Palauan population lives in the capital city of Koror on Koror Island. The constitution calls for a new capital to be established on the bigger but less developed island of Babeldaob--the second-largest island in Micronesia after Guam.