Pakistan People, Population, Religion and Nationality


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Pakistan People

Browse the information below for demographic information on Pakistan, including population, religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Pakistan information you need on the people page, check out our complete listing on the Pakistan Country Page.

  • Pakistan Geography
  • Pakistan Government
  • Pakistan Economy
  • Pakistan History

    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Pakistan(i).
    Population (2003 est.): 150,694,740.
    Annual growth rate (2003): 5%.
    Ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pathan (Pushtun), Baloch, Muhajir (i.e., Urdu-speaking immigrants from India and their descendants), Saraiki, Hazara.
    Religions: Muslim 97%; small minorities of Christians, Hindus, and others.
    Languages: Urdu (national and official), English, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushtu, Balochi, Hindko, Brahui, Saraiki (Punjabi variant).
    Education: Literacy (2003)--45.7%; male 59.8%; female 30.6%. Unofficial estimates are as low as 35%.
    Health: Infant mortality rate (2003)--76.53/1,000. Life expectancy (2003)--men 61.3 yrs., women 63.14 yrs.
    Work force (2000): Agriculture--44%; services--39%; industry--17%.

    People of Pakistan
    The majority of Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River valley and along an arc formed by the cities of Faisalabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi/Islamabad, and Peshawar. Although the official language of Pakistan is Urdu, it is spoken as a first language by only 8% of the population; 48% speak Punjabi, 12% Sindhi, 10% Saraiki, 8% Pashtu, and 14% other. Urdu, Punjabi, Pushtu, and Baloch are Indo-European languages. English is widely used within the government, the officer ranks of the military, and in many institutions of higher learning.


  • Pakistan Geography
  • Pakistan Government
  • Pakistan Economy
  • Pakistan History