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Nationality: Noun and adjective--Monegasque.
Population (2000 census) 32,020.
Annual growth rate (2001 est.): 0.46%.
Ethnic groups (2000 census): Monegasque 19%, French 32%, Italian 20%, other 29%. Religion: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%.
Languages: French (official), English, Italian, and Monegasque (a blend of French and Italian).
Education: Years compulsory--10, ages 6-16. Attendance--99%. Literacy--99%.
Health (2001 est.): Infant mortality--5.83/1,000. Life expectancy--75.04 yrs male; 83.12 yrs female. Number of births per year (July 2001 est.) 310. Number of deaths per year (July 2001 est.) 414. Work force (2000, 38,595): Private sector--35,168. Public sector--3,427. Services--46%. Banking--7%. Tourism and hotel--17%. Retail--12%. Construction and public works--7%. Industry--11%.
People of Monaco
In 2001, Monaco's population was estimated at 32,020, with an estimated average growth rate of 0.46%.
French is the official language; English, Italian, and Monegasque (a blend of French and Italian) also are spoken. The literacy rate is 99%. Roman Catholicism is the official religion, with freedom of other religions guaranteed by the constitution.