Browse the information below for demographic information on Malta, including population,
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Nationality: Noun and adjective--Maltese.
Population (2003 est): 400,420.
Annual growth rate (2003 est.): 0.73%.
Ethnic divisions: Mixture of Arab, Sicilian, Norman, Spanish, Italian, English.
Religion (2003): Roman Catholic, 98%.
Languages: Maltese, English.
Education (2003): Years compulsory--until age 16. Attendance--96%. Literacy--93%.
Health (2003): Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)--5.6. Life expectancy at birth--78 years.
Work force (2003, 160,000): Public sector--25.5%; services--42.4%; manufacturing--23.1%; construction and quarrying--6.9%; agriculture and fisheries--2.1%.
People of Malta
Malta is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with about 1,160 inhabitants per square kilometer (3,000 per sq. mi.). This compares with about 21 per square kilometer (55 per sq. mi.) for the United States. Inhabited since prehistoric times, Malta was first colonized by the Phoenicians. Subsequently, Arabs, Italians, and the British have influenced Maltese life and culture to varying degrees. Most of the foreign community in Malta, predominantly active or retired British nationals and their dependents, centers around Sliema and surrounding modern suburbs. There also is a growing North African Muslim community of about 2,250 (2001) married to Maltese nationals. Roman Catholicism is established by law as the religion of Malta; however, full liberty of conscience and freedom of worship is guaranteed, and a number of faiths have places of worship on the island. Malta has two official languages--Maltese (a Semitic language) and English. The literacy rate has reached 93%, compared to 63% in 1946. Schooling is compulsory until age 16.