Browse the information below for demographic information on Madagascar, including population,
religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Madagascar information you need on the
people page, check out our complete listing on the Madagascar Country Page.
People of Madagascar
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Malagasy.
Population (2000): 15,467,300.
Annual growth rate (2000): 4.7%.
Ethnic groups: 18 Malagasy tribes; small groups of Comorians, French, Indians, and Chinese.
Religions: Traditional beliefs 47%, Christian 45%, Muslim 7%.
Languages: Malagasy (official), French.
Education: Years compulsory--5. Attendance--65%. Literacy--53%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--90/1,000. Life expectancy--55 yrs.
Work force (2000): 8 million. Agriculture--80%; industry--7%.