Guinea People, Population, Religion and Nationality


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Guinea People

Browse the information below for demographic information on Guinea, including population, religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Guinea information you need on the people page, check out our complete listing on the Guinea Country Page.

  • Guinea Geography
  • Guinea Government
  • Guinea Economy
  • Guinea History

    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guinean(s).
    Population (2002 census): 8,444,559, including refugees and foreign residents. Refugee population (June 2002 est.): 180,000-200,000 Liberians and Sierra Leoneans.
    Cities: Conakry (pop. 2 million). Population of largest prefectures--Guéckédou (487,017), Boké (366,915), Kindia (361,117), N'Zérékoré (328,347), Macenta (365,559).
    Annual growth rate (2002 census): 3.5%.
    Ethnic groups: Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, other ethnic groups 10%.
    Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, traditional beliefs 7%.
    Languages: French (official), national languages.
    Education: Years compulsory--8. Enrollment--primary school, 53.5% (male 67%, female 40%); secondary, 15%; and post secondary, 3%. Literacy (Total population over age 15 that can read and write, 1996 est.)--36% (male 50%, female 22%).
    Health (2002 World Bank): Life expectancy--total population 54 years. Infant mortality rate (2002 World Bank)--90/1000.
    Work force (2002 Minister of Plan--4.5 million): Agriculture--76%; industry and commerce--18%; services--6%.

    People of Guinea
    Guinea has four main ethnic groups:

    Peuhl (Foula or Foulani), who inhabit the mountainous Fouta Djallon;
    Malinke (or Mandingo), in the savannah and forest regions;
    Soussous in the coastal areas; and
    Several small groups (Gerzé, Toma, etc.) in the forest region.
    West Africans make up the largest non-Guinean population. Non-Africans total about 10,000 (mostly Lebanese, French, and other Europeans). Seven national languages are used extensively; major written languages are French, Peuhl, and Arabic.


  • Guinea Geography
  • Guinea Government
  • Guinea Economy
  • Guinea History