Browse the information below for demographic information on Guinea, including population,
religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Guinea information you need on the
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Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guinean(s).
Population (2002 census): 8,444,559, including refugees and foreign residents. Refugee population (June 2002 est.): 180,000-200,000 Liberians and Sierra Leoneans.
Cities: Conakry (pop. 2 million). Population of largest prefectures--Guéckédou (487,017), Boké (366,915), Kindia (361,117), N'Zérékoré (328,347), Macenta (365,559).
Annual growth rate (2002 census): 3.5%.
Ethnic groups: Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, other ethnic groups 10%.
Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, traditional beliefs 7%.
Languages: French (official), national languages.
Education: Years compulsory--8. Enrollment--primary school, 53.5% (male 67%, female 40%); secondary, 15%; and post secondary, 3%. Literacy (Total population over age 15 that can read and write, 1996 est.)--36% (male 50%, female 22%).
Health (2002 World Bank): Life expectancy--total population 54 years. Infant mortality rate (2002 World Bank)--90/1000.
Work force (2002 Minister of Plan--4.5 million): Agriculture--76%; industry and commerce--18%; services--6%.
People of Guinea
Guinea has four main ethnic groups:
Peuhl (Foula or Foulani), who inhabit the mountainous Fouta Djallon;
Malinke (or Mandingo), in the savannah and forest regions;
Soussous in the coastal areas; and
Several small groups (Gerzé, Toma, etc.) in the forest region.
West Africans make up the largest non-Guinean population. Non-Africans total about 10,000 (mostly Lebanese, French, and other Europeans). Seven national languages are used extensively; major written languages are French, Peuhl, and Arabic.