Congo, Democratic Republic of People, Population, Religion and Nationality


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Congo, Democratic Republic of People

Browse the information below for demographic information on Congo, Democratic Republic of, including population, religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Congo, Democratic Republic of information you need on the people page, check out our complete listing on the Congo, Democratic Republic of Country Page.

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of Geography
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of Government
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of Economy
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of History

    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Congolese.
    Population (2003 est.): 56 million.
    Annual growth rate (2003 est.): 2.9%.
    Ethnic groups: More than 200 African ethnic groups; the Luba , Kongo, and Anamongo are some of the larger groupings of tribes.
    Religions(2003 est): Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, other syncretic sects and traditional beliefs 10%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%.
    Language: Official--French. Widely used--Lingala, Swahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba.
    Education: Literacy (2003 est.)--65.5% in French or local language. Schooling (2000 est.)--none--41.7%, primary--42.2%, secondary--15.4%, University--0.7%.
    Health (2003 est.): Infant mortality rate--96.6/1,000. Life expectancy--49 yrs.

    Democratic Republic of the Congo People
    The population of D.R.C .was estimated at 56 million in 2002 (by the D.R.C. National Institute for Statistics). As many as 250 ethnic groups have been distinguished and named. Some of the larger groupings of tribes are the Kongo, Luba, and Anamongo. Although 700 local languages and dialects are spoken, the linguistic variety is bridged both by the use of French and the intermediary languages Kikongo, Tshiluba, Swahili, and Lingala.

    About 70% of the Congolese population is Christian, predominantly Roman Catholic. Most of the non-Christians adhere to either traditional religions or syncretic sects. Traditional religions include concepts such as monotheism, animism, vitalism, spirit and ancestor worship, witchcraft, and sorcery and vary widely among ethnic groups; none is formalized. The syncretic sects often merge Christianity with traditional beliefs and rituals. The most popular of these sects, Kimbanguism, was seen as a threat to the colonial regime and was banned by the Belgians. Kimbanguism, officially "the church of Christ on Earth by the prophet Simon Kimbangu," now claims about 3 million members, primarily among the Bakongo tribe of Bas-Congo and Kinshasa. In 1969, it was the first independent African church admitted to the World Council of Churches.

    Before independence, education was largely in the hands of religious groups. The primary school system was well developed at independence; however, the secondary school system was limited, and higher education was almost nonexistent in most regions of the country. The principal objective of this system was to train low-level administrators and clerks. Since independence, efforts have been made to increase access to education, and secondary and higher education have been made available to many more Congolese. According to estimates made in 2000, 41.7% of the population has no schooling, 42.2% has primary schooling, 15.4% has secondary schooling, and 0.7% has university schooling. At all levels of education, males greatly outnumber females. The largest state-run universities are the University of Kinshasa, the University of Lubumbashi, and the University of Kisangani. The elite continue to send their children abroad to be educated, primarily in western Europe.


  • Congo, Democratic Republic of Geography
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of Government
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of Economy
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of History