Angola People, Population, Religion and Nationality


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Angola People

Browse the information below for demographic information on Angola, including population, religion, nationality and more. If you do not find the Angola information you need on the people page, check out our complete listing on the Angola Country Page.

  • Angola Geography
  • Angola Government
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    People Statistics
    Nationality: Noun and adjective--Angolan(s).
    Population (July 2002 est.): 10,533,547.
    Annual population growth rate (2002 est.): 2.0%.
    Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mixed racial 2%, European 1%.
    Religions (2001 official est.): Roman Catholic 68%, various Protestant 20%; indigenous beliefs, 12%.
    Languages: Portuguese (official), Ovimbundu, Kimbundu, Bakongo, and others.
    Education: Years compulsory--8. Enrollment--primary school, 42%; secondary, 20%, and post-secondary, 3%. Literacy (total population over 15 that can read and write, 1998 est.)--42% (male 56%, female 28%).
    Health (2001 est.): Life expectancy--total population 42 years. Infant mortality rate (2001 est.)--193.72/1,000.
    Work force (1997 est. 5 million): Agriculture--85%; industry and commerce--15%; services--6%.

    Angola has three main ethnic groups, each speaking a Bantu language: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, and Bakongo, 13%. Other groups include Chokwe (or Lunda), Ganguela, Nhaneca-Humbe, Ambo, Herero, and Xindunga. In addition, mixed racial (European and Africa) people amount to about 2%, with a small (1%) population of whites, mainly ethnically Portuguese. Portuguese make up the largest non-Angolan population, with at least 30,000 (though many native-born Angolans can claim Portuguese nationality under Portuguese law). Portuguese is both the official and predominant language.


  • Angola Geography
  • Angola Government
  • Angola Economy
  • Angola History