Browse the listing below to find government information for Panama, including flags, leaders,
and constitution information. Factrover also has complete information on Panama at its
Panama Country Page.
Type: Constitutional democracy.
Independence: November 3, 1903.
Constitution: October 11, 1972; amended 1983 and 1994.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), two vice presidents. Legislative--Legislative Assembly (unicameral, 71 members). Judicial--Supreme Court.
Subdivisions: Nine provinces and five (Indian) territories.
Political parties: President Mireya Moscoso belongs to the Arnulfista Party (PA). The PA in coalition with smaller parties holds a slim majority in the Legislative Assembly. The Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD) is the primary opposition.
Suffrage: Universal and compulsory at 18.
Government of Panama
Panama is a representative democracy with three branches of government: executive and legislative branches elected by direct vote for 5-year terms, and an independently appointed judiciary. The executive branch includes a president and two vice presidents. The legislative branch consists of a 72-member unicameral Legislative Assembly. The judicial branch is organized under a nine-member Supreme Court and includes all tribunals and municipal courts. An autonomous Electoral Tribunal supervises voter registration, the election process, and the activities of political parties. Everyone over the age of 18 is required to vote, although those who fail to do so are not penalized.