Browse the listing below to find government information for Kiribati, including flags, leaders,
and constitution information. Factrover also has complete information on Kiribati at its
Kiribati Country Page.
Independence (from U.K.): July 12, 1979.
Constitution: July 12, 1979.
Branches: Executive--president (head of state and government, known as Te Beretitenti), vice president, cabinet. Legislative--unicameral House of Assembly. Judicial--High Court, Court of Appeal, Magistrates' Courts.
Major political parties: Parties are only very loosely organized--Maneaban Te Mauri (Protect the Maneaba), National Progressive Party, Liberal Party.
Government of Kiribati
The Constitution promulgated at independence establishes Kiribati as a sovereign democratic republic and guarantees the fundamental rights of its citizens.
The unicameral House of Assembly (Maneaba) has 42 members: 40 elected representatives, one appointed member from Banaba island, and the Attorney General on an exofficio basis. All of the members of the Maneaba serve 4-year terms. The speaker for the legislature is elected by the Maneaba from outside of its membership and is not a voting member of Parliament.
After each general election, the new Maneaba nominates at least three but not more than four of its members to stand as candidates for president, locally referred to as "His Excellency Te Beretitenti." The voting public then elects the president from among these candidates. A cabinet of up to 10 members is appointed by the president from among the members of the Maneaba. Although popularly elected, the president can be deposed by a majority vote in Parliament. In this case, a new election for President must be held. A person can serve as pesident for only three terms, no matter how short each term is. As a result of this provision, former Presidents Tabai and Tito are constitutionally forbidden from serving as president again.
The judicial system consists of the High Court, a court of appeal, and magistrates' courts. All judicial appointments are made by the president.