The information below contains geography information for Turkmenistan, including climate, weather,
cities, and area information. You can also check out the
Turkmenistan Country Page for additional
Geography of Turkmenistan
Area: 229,060 sq. km. (188,417 sq. mi.).
Cities: Capital--Ashgabat. Other cities--Turkmenabat (formerly Chardjou), Dashowuz, Mary, Turkmenbashi.
Terrain: 80% covered in subtropical, sandy Karakum Desert, with dunes rising to the Kopet Dag Mountains in the south along the border with Iran; borders the Caspian Sea to the west and the Amu Darya River and Uzbekistan to the east; borders Afghanistan to the southeast, Kazakhstan to the north.