The information below contains geography information for Peru, including climate, weather,
cities, and area information. You can also check out the
Peru Country Page for additional
Geography of Peru
Area: 1.28 million sq. km. (496,225 sq. mi.); three times larger than California.
Cities: Capital--Lima/Callao metropolitan area (pop. 8.27 million, 2000).
Other cities--Arequipa, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Huancayo, Truujillo, Ayacucho, Piura, Iquitos, Chimbote.
Terrain: Western coastal plains, central rugged mountains (Andes), eastern lowlands with tropical forests.
Climate: Coastal area, arid and mild; Andes, temperate to frigid; eastern lowlands, tropically warm and humid.