India Geography, Climate, Areas, Cities


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India Geography

The information below contains geography information for India, including climate, weather, cities, and area information. You can also check out the India Country Page for additional resources.

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    Geography of India
    Area: 3.29 million sq. km. (1.27 million sq. mi.); about one-third the size of the U.S.
    Cities: Capital--New Delhi (pop. 12.8 million, 2001 census). Other major cities--Mumbai, formerly Bombay (16.4 million); Kolkata, formerly Calcutta (13.2 million); Chennai, formerly Madras (6.4 million); Bangalore (5.7 million); Hyderabad (5.5 million); Ahmedabad (5 million); Pune (4 million).
    Terrain: Varies from Himalayas to flat river valleys.
    Climate: Alpine to temperate to subtropical monsoon.