The information below contains geography information for Colombia, including climate, weather,
cities, and area information. You can also check out the
Colombia Country Page for additional
Area: 1.14 million sq. km. (440,000 sq. mi.); about three times the size of Montana; fourth-largest country in South America.
Cities: Capital--Bogotá (pop. about 6 million). Other major cities--Medellín, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena.
Terrain: Flat coastal areas, with extensive coastlines on the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea, three rugged parallel mountain chains, central highlands, and flat eastern grasslands.
Climate: Tropical on coast and eastern plains, cooler in highlands.