Serbia and Montenegro Economy, GDP, Budget, Industry and Agriculture


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Serbia and Montenegro Economy

View the information below regarding the economy of Serbia and Montenegro. The summary and statistics contains gdp, industry, agriculture and more for Serbia and Montenegro. If you need other information please visit the Serbia and Montenegro Country Page.

  • Serbia and Montenegro Government
  • Serbia and Montenegro People
  • Serbia and Montenegro Geography
  • Serbia and Montenegro History

    GDP (2002 est.): $12.84 billion.
    GDP growth rate (2002 est.): 4%.
    Per capita income (2002 est.): $1,200.
    Inflation rate (2002 est.): 20%.
    Natural resources: Oil, gas, coal, antimony, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, gold, pyrite, chrome, navigable rivers.
    Agriculture: 25% of GDP.
    Industry: 50% of GDP.
    Trade (2002 est.): Exports--$2.2 billion. Major markets--Russia, Italy, Germany. Imports--$5.6 billion. Major suppliers--Germany, Italy, Russia.

    Economy of Serbia and Montenegro
    The economy of Yugoslavia entered a prolonged decline in 1998. Exacerbated by international sanctions imposed in response to President Slobodan Milosevic's actions in Kosovo, the F.R.Y. economy's downward spiral showed no real sign of recovery until 2001. A vigorous team of economic reformers has worked to tame inflation (non-energy inflation is less than 9% in 2002, down from over 45% 3 years earlier) and rationalize the Serbia and Montenegro economy. GDP, although only half of its 1997 level, is projected to increase steadily in the near future.

    The F.R.Y.'s monetary unit, the dinar, remained volatile throughout the Milosevic regime. Alarmed F.R.Y. officials took several steps to tighten monetary policy in 1998, including ruling out a devaluation in the near term, increasing reserve requirements, and issuing bonds. During this period, Montenegro rejected the dinar and adopted the German mark (now the Euro) as its official currency. As 1999 began, the damage control operations had succeeded in returning the exchange rate to reasonable levels. However, it was not until 2002, after intense macroeconomic reform measures, that the dinar became convertible--a first since the Bretton Woods agreements laid out the post-World War II international exchange rate regime.

    Privatization efforts have not succeeded as well as macroeconomic reform. The process of privatization is not popular among workers of large socially owned companies, and many citizens appear to believe the tendering process is overly centralized and controlled from Belgrade. Furthermore, international investment is still lagging in Serbia and Montenegro, as a result of both domestic and international investment climates. Managers tend to blame the dearth of interest on the current negative business climate in Serbia and Montenegro. The Kragujevac-based automobile plant--heavily damaged during the 1999 NATO bombing--remains the most publicly discussed large privatization candidate, but efforts to sell the plant for as little as $1 have failed.


  • Serbia and Montenegro Government
  • Serbia and Montenegro People
  • Serbia and Montenegro Geography
  • Serbia and Montenegro History